Saturday, October 1, 2011

Bukan Demam Biasa

Rasa panas sikit, demam???.... cari Kool Fever.  Kucing demam pun ,  tampalkan Kool Fever juga. Rasanya  macam berkesan dan mujarab pula benda alah ni untuk meredakan panas badan.   
 Kool Fever, heee...tak pasal2 jadi promoter tak berbayar pulak. Sebenarnya, Madre nak cerita pasal seorang pelajar yang telah  merawat rakan sebiliknya dengan bantuan  CIK KOOL FEVER ini. Alhamdulillah, demam rakannya berkurangan dan bolehlah ke kuliah pada hari berikutnya. Tapi yang peliknya, walaupun telah beransur sihat, rakan pelajar tersebut kelihatan tidak ceria sebaliknya berubah perangai menjadi murung, mamai dan hilang fokus pada pelajaran . Macam2  ikhtiar  dilakukan untuk membantu , layan baik  macam princess.....sehingga menimbulkan ketegangan kepada pelajar tersebut.
 Kenapa, kenapa, kenapa???...
Mula2  pelajar tersebut sangat bersimpati sebab sayang sangat kat rakan... dah macam adik-beradik.

 Ingat sepotong Hadith: 

مَثَلُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فِى تَوَادِّهِمْ وَتَرَاحُمِهِمْ وَتَعَاطُفِهِمْ مَثَلُ الْجَسَدِ إِذَا اشْتَكَى مِنْهُ عُضْوٌ تَدَاعَى لَهُ سَائِرُ الْجَسَدِ بِالسَّهَرِ وَالْحُمَّى

Maksudnya: Perbandingan orang-orang mukmin dalam kasih sayang, simpati dan belas 
ihsan mereka seumpama satu badan, apabila satu anggota sakit, seluruh badannya akan berjaga malam dan merasai sakit.
[HR: Al-Bukhari no.6011 dan Muslim no.675
Seminggu, dua minggu, tiga minggu....assignment berlonggok2 perlu disiapkan.Namun rakan pelajar bukannya bertambah baik sebaliknya makin teruk... meracau marah, menangis, ketawa tak menentu.
Pelajar semakin tertekan... Mana nak siapkan tugasan lagi, nak layan karenah rakan yang sakit misteri pula. Sakit apakah??

Schizophrenia ?
Symptoms Schizophrenia symptoms usually develop slowly over months or years. Sometimes you may have many symptoms, and at other times you may only have a few.
People with any type of schizophrenia may have difficulty keeping friends and working. 
They may also have problems with anxiety, depression, and suicidal thoughts or behaviors.
At first, you may have the following symptoms:
  • Irritable or tense feeling
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Difficulty concentrating
As the illness continues, problems with thinking, emotions and behavior develop, including:
  • Lack of emotion (flat affect)
  • Strongly held beliefs that are not based in reality (delusions)
  • Hearing or seeing things that are not there (hallucinations)
  • Problems paying attention
  • Thoughts "jump" between unrelated topics ( “loose associations”)
  • Bizarre behaviors
  • Social isolation
Symptoms can vary, depending on the type of schizophrenia you have.
Paranoid schizophrenia symptoms may include:
  • Anxious
  • Angry or argumentative
  • False believes that others are trying to harm you or your loved ones.
Disorganized schizophrenia symptoms may include:
  • Problems with thinking and expressing ideas clearly
  • Childlike behavior
  • Showing little emotion
Catatonic schizophrenia symptoms may include:
  • Lack of activity
  • Muscles and posture may be rigid
  • Grimaces or other odd expressions on the face
  • Does not respond much to other people
Undifferentiated schizophrenia symptoms may include symptoms of more than one other type of schizophrenia.
People with residual schizophrenia have some symptoms, but not as many as those who are in a full-blown episode of schizophrenia.
Signs and tests There are no medical tests to diagnose schizophrenia. A psychiatrist should examine the patient to make the diagnosis. The diagnosis is made based on a thorough interview of the person and family members. The doctor will ask questions about:
  • How long the symptoms have lasted
  • How the person's ability to function has changed
  • Developmental background
  • Genetic and family history
  • How well medications have worked
Brain scans (such as CT or MRI) and blood tests may help to rule out other disorders that have similar symptoms to schizophrenia.
Treatment During an episode of schizophrenia, you may need to stay in the hospital for safety reasons.
MEDICATIONS Antipsychotic medications are the most effective treatment for schizophrenia. They change the balance of chemicals in the brain and can help control symptoms/
These medications are usually helpful, but they can cause side effects. Many of these side effects can be improved, and should not prevent people from seeking treatment for this serious condition.
Common side effects from antipsychotics may include:
  • Sleepiness (sedation)
  • Dizziness
  • Weight gain
  • Increased chance of diabetes and high cholesterol
  • Feelings of restlessness or "jitters"
  • Slowed movements
  • Tremor
Long-term use of antipsychotic medications may increase your risk for a movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia. This condition causes repeated movements that you cannot control, especially around the mouth. Call your doctor right away if you think you may have this condition.
When schizophrenia does not improve with several antipsychotics, the medication clozapine can be helpful. Clozapine is the most effective medication for reducing schizophrenia symptoms, but it also tends to cause more side effects than other antipsychotics.
Schizophrenia is a life-long illness. Most people with this condition need to stay on antipsychotic medication for life.
SUPPORT PROGRAMS AND THERAPIES Supportive therapy may be helpful for many people with schizophrenia. Behavioral techniques, such as social skills training, can be used to improve social and work functioning. Job-training and relationship building classes are important.
Family members of a person with schizophrenia should be educated about the disease and offered support. Programs that emphasize outreach and community support services can help people who lack family and social support.
Family members and caregivers are often encouraged to help people with schizophrenia stick to their treatment.
It is important that the person with schizophrenia learns how to:
  • Take medications correctly and how to manage side effects
  • Notice the early signs of a relapse and what to do if symptoms return
  • Cope with symptoms that occur even while taking medication. A therapist can help.
  • Manage money
  • Use public transportation
    Expectations (prognosis) The outlook for a person with schizophrenia is difficult to predict. Most of the time, symptoms improve with medication. However, others may have difficulty functioning and are at risk for repeated episodes, especially during the early stages of the illness.
People with schizophrenia may need supported housing, job training, and other community support programs. People with the most severe forms of this disorder may not be able to live alone. Group homes or other long-term, structured places to live may be needed.
Symptoms will return if a person with schizophrenia does not take their medication.
Complications Having schizophrenia increases your risk for:
  • Developing a problem with alcohol or drugs: This is called a substance abuse problem. Using alcohol or other drugs increases the chances your symptoms will return.
  • Physical illness: People with schizophrenia may become physically sick, because of an inactive lifestyle and side effects from medication. A physical illness may not be detected because of poor access to medical care and difficulties talking to health care providers.
  • Suicide

Calling your health care provider

Call your health care provider if:
  • Voices are telling you to hurt yourself or others.
  • You feel the urge to hurt yourself or others.
  • You are feeling hopeless or overwhelmed.
  • You are seeing things that aren't really there.
  • You feel you cannot leave the house.
  • You are unable to care for yourself.
    Prevention There is no known way to prevent schizophrenia.
Symptoms can be prevented by taking medication. You should take your medication exactly as your doctor told you to. Symptoms will return if you stop taking your medication.
Always talk to your doctor if you are thinking about changing or stopping your medications. See your doctor or therapist regularly  (source)

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